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See detailL'effet médiateur de la satisfaction de vie sur les plaintes de santé des adolescents au Luxembourg
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Scientific Conference (2018)

Dans l’objectif d’examiner la santé et le bien-être subjectif des jeunes en âge scolaire, l’enquête HBSC a été mis en place dans plusieurs pays de l’Europe. L’objectif de cette communication est de rendre ... [more ▼]

Dans l’objectif d’examiner la santé et le bien-être subjectif des jeunes en âge scolaire, l’enquête HBSC a été mis en place dans plusieurs pays de l’Europe. L’objectif de cette communication est de rendre compte de l’impact de la satisfaction de vie sur la santé des adolescents du Luxembourg. Méthode : Pour l’enquête HBSC 2014, la cohorte luxembourgeoise a été menée dans les écoles suivant le curriculum national pendant l’année scolaire 2013 / 2014. Au total, 7 757 élèves âgés de 11 à 18 ans, de 590 classes sélectionnées aléatoirement, ont répondu à un questionnaire en français / allemand distribué par leurs professeurs. Ce questionnaire été composé, entre autre, de l’HBSC Symptom Checklist (HBSC-SCL) pour évaluer les plaintes de santé, de l’échelle de Cantril (1965) pour mesurer la satisfaction de vie, ainsi que de questions sociodémographiques. Résultats : Une régression linéaire par étapes met en avance, en premier lieu, l’effet direct du sexe et de l’âge sur les plaintes de santé : les filles rapportent plus de problèmes de santé que les garçons et les plaintes de santé perçus augmentent avec l’âge. De plus, la satisfaction de vie semble aussi avoir un effet sur les plaintes de santé, dès que cette variable est insérée dans le modèle, l’impact de l’âge et genre diminuent, même s’ils continuent significatifs, ce qui indique une médiation partielle. Conclusion : Ces résultats corroborent les tendances retrouvés dans d’autres pays participants de l’enquête HBSC qui montrent aussi l’impact de l’âge et sexe sur les plaintes de santé perçus. De plus, ces données suggèrent que la satisfaction de vie peut être une clé pour diminuer les nombres des problèmes de santé perçus par les adolescents luxembourgeois. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 UL)
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See detailLa satisfaction de vie des adolescents au Luxembourg
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Poster (2018)

Dans l’objectif d’examiner la santé et le bien-être subjectif des jeunes en âge scolaire, l’enquête HBSC a été mis en place dans plusieurs pays de l’Europe. La satisfaction de vie est un concept central ... [more ▼]

Dans l’objectif d’examiner la santé et le bien-être subjectif des jeunes en âge scolaire, l’enquête HBSC a été mis en place dans plusieurs pays de l’Europe. La satisfaction de vie est un concept central dans l’évaluation du bien-être. Ainsi, l’objectif de la présente publication est de rendre compte de la satisfaction de vie des adolescents du Luxembourg, ainsi que d’identifier les tendances selon le sexe et l’âge. Méthode : Pour l’enquête HBSC 2014, la cohorte luxembourgeoise a été menée dans les écoles suivant le curriculum national pendant l’année scolaire 2013 / 2014. Au total, 7 757 élèves âgés de 11 à 18 ans, de 590 classes sélectionnées aléatoirement, ont participé à l’enquête. Leurs professeurs ont distribué un questionnaire en français / allemand composé, entre autres, de l’échelle de Cantril (1965) pour évaluer la satisfaction de vie et de questions sociodémographiques. Résultats : L'analyse des résultats montre une corrélation significative négative entre la satisfaction de vie et l’âge, les plus âgés ayant donc une moins bonne satisfaction de vie. Lorsque les analyses ont été faites séparément selon le sexe, ces tendances diffèrent. En ce que concerne les filles, les corrélations sont plus fortes. Par contre, pour les garçons, les liens sont moins importants. Dans les deux cas, les corrélations restent significatives. Des comparaisons de moyennes entre les sexes dans les différentes tranches d’âge indiquent aussi une satisfaction de vie plus élevé chez les garçons que les filles. Conclusion : Ces résultats suggèrent que la satisfaction de vie pendant l’adolescence diminue avec l’âge et que les garçons sont plus satisfaits de leur vie que les filles. Ces données corroborent les tendances retrouvés dans d’autres pays participants de l’enquête HBSC, ainsi que la littérature sur le sujet. Des analyses plus fines doivent être faites dans cette cohorte en prenant en considération ces différences. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 UL)
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See detailPeer versus Family Support: Decreasing the Impact of FAS and Age on the Life Satisfaction
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; van Duin, Claire UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018)

Background: Life satisfaction in youth decreases with lower FAS and older age, but increases with social support. Adolescence is a period of transition and the amount of time spend with peers increases ... [more ▼]

Background: Life satisfaction in youth decreases with lower FAS and older age, but increases with social support. Adolescence is a period of transition and the amount of time spend with peers increases while with family decreases. Objective(s): This study aims to investigate the mediating effects of family and peer support in the life satisfaction of Luxemburgish adolescents. Method: A total of 7 757 students aged from 11 to 18 years old took part in the 2014 HBSC Luxembourg survey. Data collected with the Cantril ladder (1965) to assess life satisfaction, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) measuring both peer and family support and the Family Affluence Scale (FAS) was analyzed. Results: Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicates the negative effect of age and the positive effect of family affluence on life satisfaction being partially mediated by family support, but not peer support, despite the strong correlation between both kinds of social support. Conclusions: Although peer and family support are highly correlated variables, only the latter influences adolescents’ life satisfaction, decreasing the negative impact of age and family affluence. As adolescence is a period of transition, the opposite results were expected, with peers being more important with age. Keeping a satisfactory relationship with family seems to play an important role in their life satisfaction. More studies should explore both complimentary kinds of social support. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (9 UL)
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See detailSocial Media and Its Role in Friendship-driven Interactions among Young People A Mixed Methods Study
Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre UL; Heinen, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

in Young : Nordic Journal of Youth Research (2018), Online First

This article examines trends and developments in social interactions of young people and the role of social media in Luxembourg using a mixed method approach, drawing on both quantitative and qualitative ... [more ▼]

This article examines trends and developments in social interactions of young people and the role of social media in Luxembourg using a mixed method approach, drawing on both quantitative and qualitative data. Our findings corroborate that social interactions via social media play a growing role in leisure time of young people and have changed the traditional patterns of friendship-driven social interactions among peers. We argue that although offline interactions remain very important for young people, they have been complemented and partially replaced by interactions via social media. Modes of young people’s social media interactions can be characterized as mixed modalities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 175 (35 UL)
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See detailSuicidal Ideation – Trends and risk groups in Luxembourg
van Duin, Claire UL; Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018)

Background: Suicide is a main cause of death among young people worldwide and adolescence is the period with the highest risk of developing suicidal ideation. Objective(s): Trends of suicidal ideation ... [more ▼]

Background: Suicide is a main cause of death among young people worldwide and adolescence is the period with the highest risk of developing suicidal ideation. Objective(s): Trends of suicidal ideation over time and identification of groups at risk in Luxembourg. Method: Secondary school students were asked the questions from the Optional Package “Suicidal ideation and behaviour” in the Luxembourgish HBSC survey 2006 (N = 6581), 2010 (N = 7192), and 2014 (N = 5599). Data were analysed using SPSS complex samples and logistic regressions. Results: 15.9% of the students considered suicide in 2006, 12.7% in 2010 and 15.2% in 2014. Girls were more likely to consider suicide than boys. Family affluence, family structure, schooltype, age, bullying and other variables predicted suicidal ideation and behaviour, too. Conclusions: Despite a decrease of considered suicide in 2010, suicidal ideation and behaviour did not change between 2006 and 2014. Thus, prevention programmes are important. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (5 UL)
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See detailEffect of peer versus family support on the life satisfaction of Luxemburgish Adolescents
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Scientific Conference (2018)

Life satisfaction in youth increases with social support and decreases with age. Adolescence is a period of transition and the amount of time spend with peers increases while with family decreases. This ... [more ▼]

Life satisfaction in youth increases with social support and decreases with age. Adolescence is a period of transition and the amount of time spend with peers increases while with family decreases. This study aims to investigate the mediating effects of family and peer support in the life satisfaction of Luxemburgish adolescents. Methods: The most recent HBSC Luxembourg survey took place in 2014. A total of 7 757 students aged from 11 to 18 years old responded to a questionnaire including the Cantril ladder (1965) to access life satisfaction, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) measuring both peer and family support, as well as socio-demographic questions. Findings: Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicates the negative effect of age on life satisfaction being partially mediated by family support, but not peer support, despite the strong correlation between both kinds of social support. This is especially true for girls, although their life satisfaction and peer support are lower when compared to boys, the difference regarding family support is not significant. Discussion: Although peer and family support are highly correlated variables, only the latter influences adolescents’ life satisfaction, decreasing the impact of age. As adolescence is a period of transition, the opposite results were expected, with peers being more important with age. Keeping a satisfactory relationship with family seems to play an important role in their life satisfaction. More studies should explore both complimentary kinds of social support. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (3 UL)
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See detailSubjective Health Complaints in Adolescence - Validity of the HBSC Symptom Checklist in Luxembourg
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Poster (2018)

The HBSC Symptom Checklist (HBSC-SCL) consists on an eight-item scale developed for the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey to measure adolescent health complaints. Although it was developed ... [more ▼]

The HBSC Symptom Checklist (HBSC-SCL) consists on an eight-item scale developed for the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey to measure adolescent health complaints. Although it was developed based on a RASCH measurement analysis which proved that the items are indicators of a unidimensional latent trait, some studies suggests a two highly correlated dimensions. The objective of this study is to test the validity of the Luxembourgish version of the HBSC-SCL. Methods: The 2014 HBSC Luxembourg survey took place during the 2013/14 school year. A total of 590 classes following the national curriculum were randomly selected and 7 757 students aged from 11 to 18 years old responded to the questionnaire translated to both French and German distributed by their teachers. Findings: First, the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin criterion and the Bartlett sphericity test indicated the use of a factor analysis (KMO=.88; p<.001). A Principal Component Analysis with Varimax Rotation (with the Eigenvalues over 1) and a scree plot test suggests a one factor matrix with a total variance explained of 47%. Discussion: Factor analysis support the existence of a single factor for the Luxemburgish population in accordance with the preliminary model developed. Literature have mixed results, with the possibility to compute one or two health complaints scores. More studies should confirm these findings but as the internal consistency possibly depends on the country studied, it is recommended this be systematically checked. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (9 UL)
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See detailCaring for the elderly: Effects on Family and Adolescents.
Schumacher, Anette UL; Willems, Helmut UL

in Boll, Thomas; Ferring, Dieter; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Cultures of care in aging (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (9 UL)
See detailSozialbericht Esch sur Alzette
Heinz, Andreas UL; Dahmen, Clarissa UL; Ferring, Dieter UL et al

Report (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 123 (12 UL)
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See detailGesundheitsbeschwerden von Schülern in Luxemburg
Heinz, Andreas UL; Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Residori, Caroline UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (21 UL)
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See detailDie allgemeine Lebenszufriedenheit von Schülern in Luxemburg
Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Residori, Caroline UL; Heinz, Andreas UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (16 UL)
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See detailÜbergewicht bei Schülern in Luxemburg
Residori, Caroline UL; Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Heinz, Andreas UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (14 UL)
See detailImmigration und Integration
Nienaber, Birte UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Speeches/Talks (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (9 UL)
See detailEffects of ethnic group density on young migrants' health and health behaviour.
Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Scientific Conference (2017, September 01)

Throughout the 20th century and the beginning of the current one there has been a drastic increase in ethnic diversity in many European societies. From a sociology of health perspective these developments ... [more ▼]

Throughout the 20th century and the beginning of the current one there has been a drastic increase in ethnic diversity in many European societies. From a sociology of health perspective these developments pose the question of how processes of acculturation, and with it levels of acculturative stress, often seen as responsible for many of the adverse health effects of migration, are altered if the standard assumption of an allochthonous ethnic minority acculturating to the ways of an autochthonous ethnic majority is violated. The ethnic density hypothesis suggests that an increase in own ethnic group density or overall ethnic minority density, through facilitating social support networks among co-ethnics, decreasing the rates and altering the perception of incidences of interpersonal racism and lowering the gap between acculturation and ecology can have a buffering effect on the adverse health effects of migrant status. This contribution, relying on data from the 2013-14 wave of the Luxembourgish Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study, investigates the relationship between young migrants’ health and health behaviour and ethnic density in school classes. School classes, as an essential part of school-students’ immediate social environment, constitute an important acculturation context. At the same time, Luxembourg, as one of the most diverse countries in Europe, where almost two thirds of school-aged children have a migration background and only roughly 17% of first- and second-generation migrants attend classes with a native majority, presents itself as the ideal national context to explore the implications of increasing levels of ethnic diversity for migrant health and, due to its high variance in ethnic density between classes, offers enough statistical power to detect the sketched potential moderating effects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (15 UL)
See detailHealth inequalities in Youth: Do objective and subjective family affluence matter?
Residori, Caroline UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Scientific Conference (2017, August 31)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 UL)
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See detailDoes relative and subjective family affluence influence overweight, body image and weight reduction behaviour of adolescents in Luxembourg?
Residori, Caroline UL; Willems, Helmut UL; Heinz, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2017, June 19)

Plateauing and rising levels of obesity and overweight in children and youth are growing concerns and the relations between socio-economic status (SES) and dietary behaviour and weight outcomes are very ... [more ▼]

Plateauing and rising levels of obesity and overweight in children and youth are growing concerns and the relations between socio-economic status (SES) and dietary behaviour and weight outcomes are very varied across countries. Empirical findings about the influences of socio-economic status (SES) on these health behaviours and outcomes differ depending on the measurement of SES used. Considering alternative conceptualisations of SES (measuring absolute, relative or subjective dimensions) is therefore advocated when analysing health inequalities in countries with high levels of overall affluence. As a country with high overall affluence and growing inequalities, Luxembourg allows for a further exploration of socio-economic inequalities in dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people in affluent contexts. The analysis aims to identify the relation between socio-economic inequalities and the dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people in Luxembourg. Data relating to family affluence, perceived wealth, dietary behaviour and BMI was gathered from 11 to 18 year-old pupils (n= 7233) using the HBSC questionnaire in the context of the 2014 HBSC wave in Luxembourg and is analysed using multiple logistic regression. The results indicate that there are different patterns of association of absolute, relative and subjective affluence with dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people aged between 11 and 18 in Luxembourg. While weight outcomes are socially stratified by all aspects of family affluence, after adjustment for overweight body image is associated to subjective family affluence and weight reduction behaviour is associated to absolute and relative family affluence. The results thus confirm a differentiated association of different aspects of SES to dietary behaviour and weight outcomes and confirm, that health inequalities between health outcomes or behaviours are linked to different processes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (9 UL)
See detailPolitisches Engagement im Jugendalter : Zwischen Beteiligung, Protest und Gewalt
Willems, Helmut UL

Book published by Beltz Juventa (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (4 UL)
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See detailEngagierte linke Jugendliche und die Ambivalenz in der Gewaltfrage
Willems, Helmut UL; Kühnel, Wolfgang

in Willems, Helmut; Kühnel, Wolfgang (Eds.) Politisches Engagement im Jugendalter : Zwischen Beteiligung, Protest und Gewalt (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (8 UL)