References of "Viti, Francesco 50003272"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWorkplace Relocation and Mobility Changes in a Transnational Metropolitan Area: The Case of the University of Luxembourg
Sprumont, François UL; Viti, Francesco UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

in Transportation Research Procedia (2014, December), 4

The aim of this paper is to study the utility variation related to the commuting mobility of University staff members due to their future workplace relocation. During the year 2012, a travel survey was ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to study the utility variation related to the commuting mobility of University staff members due to their future workplace relocation. During the year 2012, a travel survey was completed by a total of 397 staff members, representing 36.4% of the university employees, who filled in a questionnaire which revealed complex decision making patterns due to the special traveling scenario involving four countries at once. A Multinomial Logit model has been used to anticipate the impact of university relocation from the capital city to a developing area in the south of the country which will happen between 2015 and 2018 and that will affect most of the employees. The effects of several Travel Demand Management measures are discussed based on the analysis of alternative scenarios [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 191 (30 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Joint Day-to-Day Mode and Within-Day Departure Time Choice Model for the Analysis of Dynamic Ridesharing
Viti, Francesco UL; Corman, Francesco

Scientific Conference (2014, June 19)

Sharing travels is an effective way to increase car occupancy rates and to reduce the total number of cars for the same distances travelled. A potentially attractive service based on the sharing concept ... [more ▼]

Sharing travels is an effective way to increase car occupancy rates and to reduce the total number of cars for the same distances travelled. A potentially attractive service based on the sharing concept is dynamic ridesharing (DRS), where a service provider matches up driver and passenger with similar itineraries and time schedules with an automated program. To analyse how modal shift from single passenger use of the car to high occupancy one can be realized and what are the demand management solutions that can effectively be recommended, we deal with a theoretically interesting basic model structure of a single-link case, in which we study the complex interaction of multiple factors involved in the dynamic ridesharing problem, and the joint sensitivity to the most relevant parameters involved in this behavioural process. The main contribution of this study is therefore a unified framework that is able to model the dynamics of the departure time, characterized as a within-day process, while keeping the mode choice as a day-to-day process, and characterizing explicitly the matching process of DRS. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 205 (5 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn adaptive flow anticipatory control using daily iterative learning in urban traffic networks
Huang, Wei; Tampere, Chris M.J.; Viti, Francesco UL

Scientific Conference (2014, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA TWO-STEP APPROACH FOR THE CORRECTION OF THE SEED MATRIX IN THE DYNAMIC DEMAND ESTIMATION
Cantelmo, Guido UL; Viti, Francesco UL; Tampère, Chris M.J. et al

in Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board (2014), 2466

In this work deterministic and stochastic optimization methods are tested for solving the Dynamic Demand Estimation problem. All the adopted methods demonstrate the difficulty in reproducing the correct ... [more ▼]

In this work deterministic and stochastic optimization methods are tested for solving the Dynamic Demand Estimation problem. All the adopted methods demonstrate the difficulty in reproducing the correct traffic regime, especially if the seed matrix is not sufficiently close to the real one. Therefore, in this paper a new and intuitive procedure to specify an opportune starting seed matrix is proposed: it is a two-step procedure based on the concept of dividing the problem into small-size problems, focusing on specific OD pairs in different steps. Specifically, the first step focuses on the optimization of a subset of OD variables (the ones who generate the higher flows or the ones who generate the bottlenecks on the network). In the second step the optimization works on all the OD pairs, using as starting matrix the matrix derived from the first step. In this way is possible to use a more performance optimization method for every step, improving the performance of the method and the quality of the result with respect to the classical “one-step” approach. The procedure has been tested on the real network of Antwerp, Belgium, demonstrating its efficacy in combination with different optimization methods. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 154 (25 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDynamic Origin-Destination Matrix Estimation on Large-Scale Congested Networks Using A Hierarchical Decomposition Scheme
Frederix, Rodric; Viti, Francesco UL; Tampere, Chris M.J.

in Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems (2014), 18(1), 51-66

Despite the ever increasing computing power, dynamic Origin-Destination (OD) estimation in congested networks remains troublesome. In previous research, we have shown that an unbiased estimation requires ... [more ▼]

Despite the ever increasing computing power, dynamic Origin-Destination (OD) estimation in congested networks remains troublesome. In previous research, we have shown that an unbiased estimation requires the calculation of the sensitivity of the link flows to all Origin Destination flows, in order to incorporate the effects of congestion spillback. This is however computationally infeasible for large-scale networks. To overcome this issue, we propose a hierarchical approach for off-line application that decomposes the dynamic OD estimation procedure in space. The main idea is to perform a more accurate dynamic OD estimation only on subareas where there is congestion spillback. The output of this estimation is then used as input for the OD estimation on the whole network. This hierarchical approach solves many practical and theoretical limitations of traditional OD estimation methods. The main advantage is that different OD estimation method can be used for different parts of the network as necessary. This allows applying more advanced and accurate, but more time consuming methods only where necessary. The hierarchical approach is tested on a study network and on a real network. In both cases the proposed methodology performs better than traditional OD estimation approaches, indicating its merit. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 113 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImproving the efficiency of repeated dynamic network loading through marginal simulation
Corthout, Ruben; Himpe, Willem; Viti, Francesco UL et al

in Transportation Research. Part C : Emerging Technologies (2014), 41

Currently, the applicability of macroscopic Dynamic Network Loading (DNL) models for large-scale problems such as network-wide traffic management, reliability and vulnerability studies, network design ... [more ▼]

Currently, the applicability of macroscopic Dynamic Network Loading (DNL) models for large-scale problems such as network-wide traffic management, reliability and vulnerability studies, network design, traffic flow optimization and dynamic origin–destination (OD) estimation is computationally problematic. The main reason is that these applications require a large number of DNL runs to be performed. Marginal DNL simulation, introduced in this paper, exploits the fact that the successive simulations often exhibit a large overlap. Through marginal simulation, repeated DNL simulations can be performed much faster by approximating each simulation as a variation to a base scenario. Thus, repetition of identical calculations is largely avoided. The marginal DNL algorithm that is presented, the Marginal Computation (MaC) algorithm, is based on first order kinematic wave theory. Hence, it realistically captures congestion dynamics. MaC can simulate both demand and supply variations, making it useful for a wide range of DNL applications. Case studies on different types of networks are presented to illustrate its performance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModels and Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems: new challenges and metaheuristic solutions for large-scale network applications
Viti, Francesco UL; Tampere, Chris M.J.

in Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems (2014), 18(1), 1-4

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (7 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDynamic modeling of VISSIM's critical gap parameter at unsignalized intersections
Viti, Francesco UL; Wolput, Bart; Tampere, Chris M.J. et al

in Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board (2014), 2395

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (7 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvaluation of intervention strategies for a road link in the Netherlands
Adey, Bryan Tyrone; Lethanh, Nam; Hartmann, Andreas et al

in Built Environment Project and Asset Management (2014), 4(2), 180-198

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the use of the impact hierarchy and the optimization model to determine the optimal intervention strategy for a road link composed of multiple objects ... [more ▼]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the use of the impact hierarchy and the optimization model to determine the optimal intervention strategy for a road link composed of multiple objects. The paper focusses on the results of a case study of intervention project on A20 road link in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Design/methodology/approach – The study was a case study research. It describes briefly the impact hierarchy and its link to the optimization model, and then focussed on analyzing the results obtained from running the model. In order to understand the influence of various factors affecting the results of optimization, sensitivity analysis was performed. Findings – The proposed hierarchy is suitable to be used to support the determination of optimal intervention strategies (OISs) for public road. From the case study, it was also realized that optimal intervention strategy can be changed due to not only intervention costs incurred by the owner, but also due to the setup of traffic configuration during the execution of interventions since the impacts incurred to users, directly affected public, and indirectly affected public are significantly different from one traffic configuration to the others. The optimal intervention strategy also depends greatly on the factors of deterioration during the operation of the infrastructure objects. Research limitations/implications – In the impact hierarchy, some impact factors are difficult to be quantified, e.g., the long-term economic impacts on the region where having intervention projects. The use of only exponential function for impacts could be oversimplified the actual behavior of the impacts. Other functional form should be investigated to be used within the framework of the optimization model. Practical implications – The proposed hierarchy and the optimization model could be used in practical situation for determination of OISs for multiple objects within a road link. Originality/value – This paper contributes to the body of knowledge of stakeholder analysis in the field of infrastructure asset management. It also gives a guideline and tool for infrastructure administrators to select the OISs for their infrastructure network. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Null-Space metric for the analysis of partial network observability in sensor location problems
Rinaldi, Marco; Viti, Francesco UL; Corman, Francesco

Scientific Conference (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDynamic OD estimation in congested networks: theoretical findings and implications in practice
Frederix, Rodric; Viti, Francesco UL; Tampere, Chris M.J.

in Transportmetrica (2013), 9(6), 494-513

In this study we analyse the impact of congestion in dynamic origin–destination (OD) estimation. This problem is typically expressed using a bi-level formulation. When solving this problem the ... [more ▼]

In this study we analyse the impact of congestion in dynamic origin–destination (OD) estimation. This problem is typically expressed using a bi-level formulation. When solving this problem the relationship between OD flows and link flows is linearised. In this article the effect of using two types of linear relationship on the estimation process is analysed. It is shown that one type of linearisation implicitly assumes separability of the link flows, which can lead to biased results when dealing with congested networks. Advantages and disadvantages of adopting non-separable relationships are discussed. Another important source of error attributable to congestion dynamics is the presence of local minima in the objective function. It is illustrated that these local minima are the result of an incorrect interpretation of the information from the detectors. The theoretical findings are cast into a new methodology, which is successfully tested in a proof of concept. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (1 UL)
See detailProceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2013
Hesse, Markus UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Gerber, Philippe et al

Book published by University Press (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 292 (16 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDynamic modeling of VISSIM critical gap parameter at unsignalized intersections
Viti, Francesco UL; Wolput, Bart; Tampere, Chris M.J. et al

Poster (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEquilibrium in capacitated network models with queueing delays, queue-storage, blocking back and control
Smith, Mike J.; Huang, Wei; Viti, Francesco UL

in Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (2013), 80

This paper considers a steady-state, link-based, fixed (or inelastic) demand equilibrium model with explicit link-exit capacities, explicit bottleneck or queuing delays and explicit bounds on queue ... [more ▼]

This paper considers a steady-state, link-based, fixed (or inelastic) demand equilibrium model with explicit link-exit capacities, explicit bottleneck or queuing delays and explicit bounds on queue storage capacities. The (spatial queueing) model at the heart of this equilibrium model takes account of the space taken up by queues both when there is no blocking back and also when there is blocking back. The paper shows in theorem 1 that a feasible traffic assignment model has an equilibrium solution provided prices are used to impose capacity restrictions and utilises this result to show that there is an equilibrium with the spatial queueing model, provided queue-storage capacities are sufficiently large. Other results are obtained by changing the variables and sets in theorem 1 suitably. These results include: (1) existence of equilibrium results (in both a steady state and a dynamic context) which allow signal green-times to respond to prices and (2) an existence of equilibrium result which allow signal green-times to respond to spatial queues; provided this response follows the P0 control policy in Smith (1979, 1987). These results show that under certain conditions the P0 control policy maximises network capacity. The spatial queueing model is illustrated on a simple network. Finally the paper includes elastic demand; this is necessary for long-run evaluations. Each of the steady state models here may be thought of as a stationary solution to the dynamic assignment problem either with or without blocking back. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 138 (4 UL)
Full Text
See detailSignal control strategies in day-to-day dynamic process of combined traffic assignment and control
Huang, Wei; Viti, Francesco UL; Tampere, Chris M.J.

Scientific Conference (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (3 UL)
Full Text
See detailTravel-sharing in multimodal systems: a behavioural modelling approach
Viti, Francesco UL

Scientific Conference (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn Iterative Learning Approach for Signal Control in Urban Traffic Networks
Huang, Wei; Viti, Francesco UL; Tampere, Chris M.J.

in Proceedings of IEEE-ITS Conference (2013)

Traffic signal control influences route choice in traffic networks, and may even determine whether a traffic system settles in equilibrium or destabilizes into oscillatory patterns. Ideally, a stable ... [more ▼]

Traffic signal control influences route choice in traffic networks, and may even determine whether a traffic system settles in equilibrium or destabilizes into oscillatory patterns. Ideally, a stable equilibrium flow pattern should result from the interaction between control and route choice on a long-term horizon. This paper proposes an iterative learning approach for designing signal controls able to attract the system to equilibrium in an acceptable convergence speed. The traffic assignment model and combined traffic assignment and control problem are first introduced. An iterative learning control (ILC) based signal control is formulated and a basic model inversion method is analyzed. To deal with the nonlinearity of traffic system, a Newton based ILC algorithm is applied. Test in an example network verifies the effectiveness of the ILC method in achieving stable equilibrium in the traffic system. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvaluating the effects of information reliability on travellers’ route choice
Bifulco, Gennaro N.; Di Pace, Roberta; Viti, Francesco UL

in European Transport Research Review (2013)

Purpose This paper analyses travellers’ behaviour with respect to route choice in a context where an Advanced Traveller Information System (ATIS) is in place. ATIS are important applications in the field ... [more ▼]

Purpose This paper analyses travellers’ behaviour with respect to route choice in a context where an Advanced Traveller Information System (ATIS) is in place. ATIS are important applications in the field of intelligent transportation systems (ITS). However, the practical impact of ATIS is still a matter for debate, and identification of expected route choice behaviour under ATIS is one of themain ways to assess their practical importance. Methods Travellers’ choices are frequently explored by means of stated preference (SP) approaches. In this paper we discuss some issues to be addressed when an SP survey is carried out, with particular reference to cases where a repeated choice approach is employed in the survey. Results Our analysis concerns an application of the SP approach in a pilot study aimed at identifying the effects of ATIS accuracy on travellers’ compliance with information. Conclusions This paper aims tomake two major contributions. First of all, empirical analyses based on proper indicators and statistical tests are suggested in order to evaluate how the collected data have to be handled in order to eliminate transient route-choice observations. These are due to the warm-up phase inherently associated with the survey method adopted, dealing with repeated choices. Secondly, we analyse (stationary) route choice in order to assess the effects of information reliability (and the kind of information) on both route choice and compliance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEquilibrium and sensitivity analysis of dynamic ridesharing
Viti, Francesco UL; Corman, Francesco

Scientific Conference (2013)

Sharing travels is an effective way to increase car occupancy rates and to reduce the number of cars for the same distances traveled. This is a problem involving operations research (how to best match ... [more ▼]

Sharing travels is an effective way to increase car occupancy rates and to reduce the number of cars for the same distances traveled. This is a problem involving operations research (how to best match travels in time and space, what level of similarity for the routes,…) and behavior challenges (on which conditions users choose to share travels, which type of users is willing to share the travel, what is the accepted detour and rescheduling, …). This research aims at filling the gap in the latter aspect by proposing an equilibrium modeling approach for (dynamic) ridesharing. By using a Nested logit model, , greater insight into the impact of different policies, behavioral factors and matching criteria can be presented. We deal with a theoretically interesting basic model structure of a single-link case, in which we study the complex interaction of multiple factors, and the joint sensitivity to the most relevant parameters. This allows us to derive some basic recommendations from the equilibrium states reached. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (0 UL)