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See detailAn AlGaN/GaN two-color photodetector based on AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMT layer structure
Marso, Michel UL; Fox, A.; Heidelberger, G. et al

in Physica Status Solidi C. Current Topics in Solid State Physics (2006), 3(6), 2261-2264

The optoelectronic properties of MSM diodes that are based on an AlGaN/GaN HEMT layer system are investigated as function of the applied bias. For low voltages, the two-dimensional electron gas acts as a ... [more ▼]

The optoelectronic properties of MSM diodes that are based on an AlGaN/GaN HEMT layer system are investigated as function of the applied bias. For low voltages, the two-dimensional electron gas acts as a barrier for the depletion layer. Therefore, only the upper AlGaN barrier layer contributes to the photocurrent. In the high voltage regime the depletion region penetrates the GaN buffer that adds the spectral responsivity of GaN to the pure AlGaN behaviour in the low voltage regime. The ratio of the responsivities at 350 nm and 300 nm wavelength can be switched from 0.01 at 2.5 V to 0.8 at 4 V bias. This property makes the MSM-2DEG a candidate for use as two-color photodetector. Device fabrication uses standard HEMT processing steps, allowing integration in HEMT circuits without the need of sophisticated growth or etching techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study on unpassivated and passivated AlGaN/GaN HFETs and MOSHFETs
Heidelberger, G.; Bernát, J.; Gregušová, D. et al

in Physica Status Solidi A. Applications and Materials Science (2006), 203(7), 1876-1881

In this comparative study we investigate AlGaN/GaN-based unpassivated and passivated HFETs and MOSHFETs with regards to DC-, RF-, and power-performance. For optimal comparability, all devices emanate from ... [more ▼]

In this comparative study we investigate AlGaN/GaN-based unpassivated and passivated HFETs and MOSHFETs with regards to DC-, RF-, and power-performance. For optimal comparability, all devices emanate from the same wafer consisting of a SiC-substrate, a 3 μm GaN- and a 30 nm Al0.28Ga0.72N-layer. Devices are processed simultaneously to a large extend. Passivated devices are coated with a 10 nm thick SiO2-layer between the electrodes, MOSHFETs contain a 10 nm thick SiO2-layer serving as gate-insulator underneath the gate and as conventional passivation-layer between the electrodes. Unpassivated devices serve as reference. We present empirical evidence that MOSHFETs outperform both the conventional and the passivated HFETs with respect to DC-, RF-, and power-performance, and we point out the different mechanisms responsible for the behaviour of the devices. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of surface treatment under the gate on the current collapse of unpassivated AlGaN/GaN heterostructure field-effect transistors
Kordoš, P.; Bernát, J.; Gregušová, D. et al

in Semiconductor Science & Technology (2006), 21 (2006)

Unpassivated GaN/AlGaN/GaN/SiC heterostructure field-effect transistors were fabricated on intentionally undoped and 5 × 1018 cm−3 modulationdoped material structures. The influence of surface treatment ... [more ▼]

Unpassivated GaN/AlGaN/GaN/SiC heterostructure field-effect transistors were fabricated on intentionally undoped and 5 × 1018 cm−3 modulationdoped material structures. The influence of surface treatment before gate metallization on the gate leakage and drain current collapse of the devices was observed. In the case of a short HCl treatment (∼5 s), a relatively small gate leakage (<10−6A mm−1 at −6 V gate bias) but large current collapse (∼30% after applying 5 μs wide pulses) were measured. On the other hand, devices with a longer surface treatment (15–20 s) showed an increased gate leakage (>10−4A mm−1) and a simultaneously negligible current collapse (<5%). This effect is qualitatively similar in devices prepared on the undoped and doped heterostructures. It is assumed that a thin interfacial oxide layer under the gate might be responsible for a lower leakage current and a larger current collapse of the devices. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of carrier supply doping on the RF properties of AlGaN/GaN/SiC high-electron-mobility transistors
Marso, Michel UL; Bernát, J.; Javorka, P. et al

in Physica Status Solidi C. Current Topics in Solid State Physics (2005), 2(7), 2611-2614

We have fabricated undoped as well as modulation-doped AlGaN/GaN HEMTs on SiC substrate. The influence of the carrier supply layer on device performance is investigated by Hall, channel conductivity ... [more ▼]

We have fabricated undoped as well as modulation-doped AlGaN/GaN HEMTs on SiC substrate. The influence of the carrier supply layer on device performance is investigated by Hall, channel conductivity, small signal RF and delay time evaluation. While the doping layer improves the DC performance it degrades the RF behaviour of the device with the highest carrier supply doping of 5x1018 cm–3. The channel conductivity measurements show identical dependence of the mobility on carrier concentration for all samples. The saturation velocity, extracted by evaluation of the total delay time as function of the inverse drain current, decreases from 0.86x107 cm/s for the undoped device to 0.7x107 cm/s for the highest doped HEMT. This result shows that the degradation of RF performance is due to the reduction of the effective saturation velocity caused by the carrier supply layer. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-power SiO2/AlGaN/GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor heterostructure field-effect transistors
Kordoš, P.; Heidelberger, G.; Bernát, J. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2005), 87(14), 143501-143504

We report on SiO2 /AlGaN/GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor heterostructure field-effect transistors MOSHFETs , which exhibit a 6.7 W/mm power density at 7 GHz. Unpassivated and SiO2-passivated heterostructure ... [more ▼]

We report on SiO2 /AlGaN/GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor heterostructure field-effect transistors MOSHFETs , which exhibit a 6.7 W/mm power density at 7 GHz. Unpassivated and SiO2-passivated heterostructure field-effect transistors HFETs were also investigated for comparison. Deposited 12 nm thick SiO2 yielded an increase of the sheet carrier density from 7.6 .10^12 to 9.2 .10^12 cm−2 and a subsequent increase of the static drain saturation current from 0.75 to 1.09 A/mm. The small-signal rf characterization of the MOSHFETs showed an extrinsic current gain cutoff frequency fT of 24 GHz and a maximum frequency of oscillation fmax of 40 GHz. The output power of 6.7 W/mm of the MOSHFETs measured at 7 GHz is about two times larger than that of HFETs. The results obtained demonstrate the suitability of GaN-based MOSHFETs for high-power electronics. [less ▲]

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See detailLow Current Dispersion and Low Bias-stress Degradation of Unpassivated GaN/AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs
Bernát, J.; Pierobon, R.; Marso, Michel UL et al

in Physica Status Solidi C. Current Topics in Solid State Physics (2005), 2(7), 2676-2679

The performance of unpassivated GaN/AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs with intentionally undoped and doped barrier structures are extensively studied. No drain current dispersion between DC and 50 ns pulses on doped ... [more ▼]

The performance of unpassivated GaN/AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs with intentionally undoped and doped barrier structures are extensively studied. No drain current dispersion between DC and 50 ns pulses on doped devices and less than 10% dispersion on undoped ones is observed. The full (100%) current recovery on undoped sample was measured in 1μs. The drain current extrapolated from 2 GHz large signal measurements corresponds to the measured static drain current confirming negligible current dispersion of our devices. Insignificant (<5 %) degradation in overall device performance parameters (IDs, gm, fT, fmax, Pout) on both undoped and doped structures after 12-hour-long bias stress was obtained. These results documents that suitable device performances can be obtained also on unpassivated GaN-based HEMTs. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of passivation-induced stress on the performance of AlGaN/GaN HEMTs
Gregusova, Dagmar; Bernát, J.; Drzik, M. et al

in Physica Status Solidi C. Current Topics in Solid State Physics (2005), 2(7), 2619-2622

This paper reports on properties of intentionally undoped AlGaN/GaN/sapphire-based high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) before and after passivation with SiO2 and Si3N4. Our results indicate that ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on properties of intentionally undoped AlGaN/GaN/sapphire-based high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) before and after passivation with SiO2 and Si3N4. Our results indicate that the DC performance of the AlGaN/GaN HEMTs improved significantly as the stress in the passivation layer increased from compressive to tensile. It corresponded to changes in the sheet carrier concentration. Unlike the DC properties, RF properties of the HEMTs were less sensitive to the stress. [less ▲]

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See detailSiO2 /AlGaN/GaN MOSHFET with 0.7 µm gate-length and fmax / fT of 40/24 GHz
Bernát, J.; Gregusová, D.; Heidelberger, G. et al

in Electronics Letters (2005), 41(11), 667-668

The performance of SiO2/AlGaN/GaN MOSHFETs is described. The C–V measurements showed slight increase in sheet carrier density after applying 12 nm-thick PECVD SiO2. The devices exhibited gate leakage ... [more ▼]

The performance of SiO2/AlGaN/GaN MOSHFETs is described. The C–V measurements showed slight increase in sheet carrier density after applying 12 nm-thick PECVD SiO2. The devices exhibited gate leakage current of 5 .10 ^-10 A/mm. Small-signal RF characterisation of 0.7 mm gate length devices yielded an fT of 24 GHz and an fmax of 40 GHz, which are comparable to those typical for state-of-the-art AlGaN/GaN HFETs. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of layer structure on performance of AlGaN/GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors before and after passivation
Bernát, J.; Javorka, P.; Fox, A. et al

in Journal of Electronic Materials (2004), 33((2004)), 436-439

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See detailPerformance of unpassivated AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs after short-term electrical bias stress
Bernát, J.; Wolter, M.; Javorka, P. et al

in Solid-State Electronics (2004), 48((2004)), 1825-1828

Performance of unpassivated MOVPE grown AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs under short-term electrical bias stress isreported. Insignificant degradation in DC and RF behaviour of prepared devices after 16 h stress at VD ... [more ▼]

Performance of unpassivated MOVPE grown AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs under short-term electrical bias stress isreported. Insignificant degradation in DC and RF behaviour of prepared devices after 16 h stress at VD ¼ 21 V and VG ¼ 2:5 V is observed. This can be demonstrated by a maximum drain current of 1.03 and 1.01 A/mm and a peak extrinsic transconductance of 233 and 225 mS/mm before and after bias stress, respectively. Consecutive drain voltage sweeps indicates on low current collapse in samples investigated. The RF characteristics show a decrease of the fmax-tof T ratio from 2.23 to 2.15 and the saturated output power density measured at 2 GHz from 3.60 to 3.53 W/mm after the devices were stressed. This result indicates that reliable AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs without passivation can be prepared. However, additional studies are needed to understand if the material structure and/or the device processing is responsible for low current collapse and RF dispersion in these devices. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of doping density on small and large signal characteristics of AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs
Fox, A.; Marso, Michel UL; Bernát, J. et al

in Proc. 5th Intern. Conf. Advanced Semicon. Dev. & Microsystems ASDAM’04 (2004)

The small signal S-parameter and load pull measurements on AlGaN/GaN HEMTs with different doping densities are reported. The cut-off frequencies ft and fmax of 38 and 67 GHz respectively, and the maximal ... [more ▼]

The small signal S-parameter and load pull measurements on AlGaN/GaN HEMTs with different doping densities are reported. The cut-off frequencies ft and fmax of 38 and 67 GHz respectively, and the maximal output powers of 4.9 and 3.8 W/mm at 2 and 7 GHz respectively, were achieved. The parameter extraction from small signal S-parameters shows an increase of gate-source capacitance and transconductance with the doping concentration and hence its influence on small signal (ft and fmax) and power performance. [less ▲]

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See detailMSM varactor diodes based on AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMT layer structures
Marso, Michel UL; Bernát, J.; Javorka, P. et al

in Proc. 5th Intern. Conf. Advanced Semicon. Dev. & Microsystems ASDAM’04 (2004)

The influence of a carrier supply layer on the electrical properties of MSM diodes based on AlGaN/GaN HEMT layer structures is investigated. The voltage dependence of the Schottky contact capacitance ... [more ▼]

The influence of a carrier supply layer on the electrical properties of MSM diodes based on AlGaN/GaN HEMT layer structures is investigated. The voltage dependence of the Schottky contact capacitance allows the use of the device as varactor diode with CMAX / CMIN ratios up to 17, tuneable by contact geometry. The carrier supply doping determines the sheet carrier density of the twodimensional electron gas channel, which is responsible for the transition voltage and the series resistance of the MSM diode. A device based on the highest doped layer structure shows a cutoff frequency as high as 65 GHz. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of layer structure on performance of unpassivated AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs,
Bernát, J.; Wolter, M.; Fox, A. et al

in Electronics Letters (2004), 40(1), 78-80

The performance of unpassivated AlGaN=GaN=SiC HEMTs prepared on different MOVPE grown layer structures is reported. An overall improvement of device characteristics using doped structures in comparison to ... [more ▼]

The performance of unpassivated AlGaN=GaN=SiC HEMTs prepared on different MOVPE grown layer structures is reported. An overall improvement of device characteristics using doped structures in comparison to undoped counterpart is observed. This can be demonstrated by IDS of 0.86 and 1.33 A=mm, gm of 220 and 273 mS=mm, fT of 33 and 43 GHz and fmax of 54 and 61 GHz for 0.3 mm gate length devices on undoped and doped structures, respectively. The DC=pulsed I–V characteristics as well as power measurements show insignificant RF dispersion of HEMTs on doped structures. These results underline the advantage of doped layer structures for preparation of high-performance AlGaN=GaN HEMTs. [less ▲]

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See detailDC and Pulsed Behaviour of Undoped and Doped AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs before and after Si3N4 passivation
Bernát, J.; Marso, Michel UL; Fox, A. et al

in Proc. 5th Intern. Conf. Advanced Semicon. Dev. & Microsystems ASDAM’04 (2004)

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See detailInfluence of a carrier supply layer on carrier density and drift mobility of AlGaN/GaN/SiC high-electron-mobility transistors
Marso, Michel UL; Bernát, J.; Javorka, P. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2004), 84 (2004)

Sheet carrier concentration and low-field drift mobility of intentionally undoped and modulation-doped AlGaN/GaN heterostructures on SiC substrate were evaluated by capacitance-voltage and channel ... [more ▼]

Sheet carrier concentration and low-field drift mobility of intentionally undoped and modulation-doped AlGaN/GaN heterostructures on SiC substrate were evaluated by capacitance-voltage and channel conductivity measurements. Sheet carrier concentration and average mobility at 0 V gate bias correspond to standard Hall results. Sheet carrier density increases from 6.831012 cm22 for the undoped sample up to 131013 cm22 for the device with the highest doping concentration, while the mobility decreases from 1800 to 1620 cm2/V s. The local mobility, on the other hand, depends only on the actual sheet carrier density and is not influenced by the doping concentration of the carrier supply layer. It reaches a maximum value of 2100 cm2/Vs at a carrier density of 331012 cm22. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of doping concentration on DC and RF performance of AlGaN/GaN HEMTs on silicon substrate
Marso, Michel UL; Javorka, P.; Dikme, Y. et al

in Physica Status Solidi A. Applications and Materials Science (2003), (1), 179-182

AlGaN/GaN HEMTs with different carrier supply layers are fabricated on Si substrate, using MOVPE growth technique. The influence of the carrier supply doping concentration on the HEMT properties is ... [more ▼]

AlGaN/GaN HEMTs with different carrier supply layers are fabricated on Si substrate, using MOVPE growth technique. The influence of the carrier supply doping concentration on the HEMT properties is investigated by Hall measurements and by electrical DC and RF characterisation of transistor devices. Hall mobility is found to decrease with increasing sheet concentration, while the gate leakage current increases. The device with the highest carrier supply doping concentration of 1019 cm–3 is provided with a GaN cap layer to reduce gate leakage. The transistors based on modulation doped layer structures show much higher DC performance than the undoped device. Best RF properties are obtained for a doping level of 5 × 1018 cm–3. High frequency measurements exhibit fT and fMAX values of 35 GHz and 37 GHz, respectively, for devices with 300 nm gate length. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of surface passivation on performance of AlGaN/GaN/Si HEMTs
Bernát, J.; Javorka, P.; Fox, A. et al

in Solid-State Electronics (2003), 47((2003)), 2097-2103

Performance of intentionally undoped and doped AlGaN/GaN/Si high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) before and after passivation with SiO2 and Si3N4 is investigated. Hall effect measurements show ... [more ▼]

Performance of intentionally undoped and doped AlGaN/GaN/Si high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) before and after passivation with SiO2 and Si3N4 is investigated. Hall effect measurements show higher impact of Si3N4 than SiO2 passivation on the carrier concentration increase in the channel. Improvements in DC performance of HEMTs after passivation with SiO2 and Si3N4 correspond to the changes in sheet carrier concentration. Small signal microwave characterisation shows a decrease (from 18.6 to 9 GHz) and an increase (from 18.4 to 28.8 GHz) of the current gain cut off frequency after SiO2 and Si3N4 passivation, respectively. Similar effect of passivation is found in microwave power changes––only about a half of the power is obtained after SiO2 passivation but more than doubled power results from Si3N4 passivation, measured at 2 GHz. Higher density of interface states for SiO2 than Si3N4 passivation is supposed to be responsible for these effects. However, for an optimal design of GaN-based power devices additional studies related to the interface between a passivation layer and GaN are needed. [less ▲]

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See detailConductivity and Hall effect measurements on intentionally undoped and doped AlGaN/GaN heterostructures before and after passivation,
Bernat, J.; Javorka, P.; Marso, Michel UL et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2003), 83((2003)), 5455

Conductivity and Hall effect measurements were performed before and after Si3N4 passivation of intentionally undoped and doped AlGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si and SiC substrates. An increase of the sheet ... [more ▼]

Conductivity and Hall effect measurements were performed before and after Si3N4 passivation of intentionally undoped and doped AlGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si and SiC substrates. An increase of the sheet carrier density ~up to ;30%! and a slight decrease of the electron mobility ~less than 10%! are found in all samples after passivation. The passivation induced sheet carrier density is 1.5– 231012 cm22 in undoped samples and only 0.731012 cm22 in 5–1031018 cm23 doped samples. The decrease of the electron mobility after passivation is slightly lower in highly doped samples. The channel conductivity in both types of unpassivated samples on Si and SiC substrates increases with an increase in doping density. After passivation, a well-resolved increase of channel conductivity is observed in the undoped or lightly doped samples and nearly the same channel conductivity results in the highly doped samples. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of SiO/sub 2/ and Si/sub 3/N/sub 4/ passivation on AlGaN/GaN/Si HEMT performance,
Javorka, P.; Bernát, J.; Fox, A. et al

in Electronics Letters (2003), 39((2003)), 1155-1157

Different influence of SiO2 and Si3N4 passivation on performance of AlGaN=GaN=Si HEMTs is reported. DC characteristics are less enhanced by using SiO2 than Si3N4. This is in agreement with carrier ... [more ▼]

Different influence of SiO2 and Si3N4 passivation on performance of AlGaN=GaN=Si HEMTs is reported. DC characteristics are less enhanced by using SiO2 than Si3N4. This is in agreement with carrier concentration changes after passivation, as follows from Hall data. Small signal RF performance is degraded after applying SiO2 and enhanced after Si3N4 passivation, e.g. for unpassivated devices fTffi17 GHz which decreased to 9 GHz and increased to 28 GHz for SiO2 and Si3N4 respectively. The fmax=fT ratio has not changed after passivation. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of traps in AlGaN/GaN HEMTs on silicon substrate
Wolter, M.; Marso, Michel UL; P.Javorka, J. et al

in Physica Status Solidi C. Current Topics in Solid State Physics (2003), (7), 2360-2363

Deep levels in AlGaN/GaN heterostructures are known to be responsible for trapping processes like current collapse or dispersion. In order to investigate these processes we performed different ... [more ▼]

Deep levels in AlGaN/GaN heterostructures are known to be responsible for trapping processes like current collapse or dispersion. In order to investigate these processes we performed different measurements on HEMTs fabricated with heterostructures grown on silicon substrate. First by photoionization spectroscopy we found three different traps with activation energies of about 2.1 eV, 2.9 eV and 3.2 eV. Secondly, the temperature dependent relaxation of the drain current was investigated by the backgating current deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) method. Hereby we detected majority and minority carrier traps in the GaN buffer at the energies EV + 0.41 eV and EC – 0.55 eV, respectively. The latter energy can be attributed to the well known “E2” level in GaN. [less ▲]

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